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IgA Nephropathy

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How to Treat Hypoproteinemia in Nephrotic Syndrome

How to Treat Hypoproteinemia in Nephrotic SyndromeHypoproteinemia is one of the top four symptoms of Nephrotic Syndrome and meaning there is a lack of protein. We know protein is the basic of life and no protein, no life. Therefore, when hypoproteinemia appears, we need to do some thing to correct this condition. Well, for Nephrotic Syndrome patients, how to treat hypoproteinemia well?

For Nephrotic Syndrome patients, their protein in urine is less than 30g/L and this is due to the serious leakage of protein in urine. In such a condition, to relieve hypoproteinemia well, the following treatments are needed:

1. A proper diet

Usually, 0.8 to 1.0 grams of protein per kilogram of body weight is needed by Nephrotic Syndrome patients per day and the protein eaten by patients should be mainly high quality protein. Besides, due to severe swelling, they also need to follow on a low-salt diet (usually less than 3 grams a day) and drink less water in case of worsening fluid retention.

2. Control high blood pressure

High blood pressure, which is also called hypotension, refers to the high impace of blood on blood vessels. Long-term high blood pressure will damage blood vessles in kidney and thus cause further leakage of protein. Therefore, hypotensor like ACEI and ARBs are also needed by Nephrotic Syndrome patients if there is elevation of blood pressure. Tight control of blood pressure is said to be able to reduce protein in urine effectively and as long as protein leakage is alleviated, hypoproteinemia is alleviated too.

3. Glucocorticoid and Immunosuppressor

Glucocorticoid and immunosuppressor play important part for the treatment of hypoproteinemia caused by Nephrotic Syndrome. They are helpful and show treatment effects quickly, but long-term usage of them will cause lots of side effects such as low immunity, mood swing, hair loss and developmental retardation.

4. Micro-Chinese Medicine Osmotherapy

Micro-Chinese Medicine Osmotherapy is a relatively new treatment for Nephrotic Syndrome. After this treatment, hypoproteinemia can be alleviated successfully, because this treatment is able to improve kidney function and reduce protein leakage. This treatment is more popular among Nephrotic Syndrome patients, compared with glucocorticoid and immunosuppressor, because it causes no side effects during whole treatment process.

5. Protein infusion

When hypoproteinemia develops to a very severe stage, protein infusion is needed to supplenish protien in blood.

Hope the above information is helpful for you. If you have any other questions on kidney disease or want to get more personalized and professional treatment suggestions, please leave a message below.

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